Najran province is situated between two totally opposite geographical lands. While most of the central area is located on a plain, there is the lush green Asir Province with the Sarawat mountains on one side and the vast emptiness of the arid Rub' Al-Khali on the other. The city of Najran is the capital of the Najran province and has a rapidly growing population. Throughout the course of history, Najran has played a vital role in connecting the northern and western regions of Arabia with Yemen. The agricultural practice in the region is being carried on for over 4000 years.
Due to the location of Najran, it became a hotbed of the caravan trade in frankincense and the luxury product myrrh. It connected the ancient civilization of Yemen, to the Fertile Crescent, Mediterranean, and Asian countries.