The Largest Province of Saudi Arabia
Eastern Province is the largest province of Saudi Arabia. It makes up around 36% of the total land area of the country. This easternmost part of Saudi Arabia used to be home to the ancient Dilmun civilization in pre-Arab times. Today, it is one of the most economically important regions of Saudi Arabia. The largest oil field in the world, the Ghawar oil field is located in this region. Around a third of all oil produced by the country comes from this oil field.
The entire east coast of Saudi Arabia is encompassed in the eastern province. Pristine beaches on the Arabian Gulf make this region a popular tourist hot spot. It shares borders with the United Arab Emirates, Qatar, Kuwait, Iraq, and Oman. Bahrain is also linked to the province by the 25 km long King Fahd Causeway. The capital of this province is the city of Dammam. It is the sixth most populous city in the kingdom.