Makkah Province
Islamic History

Mount Arafat - Makkah

4.7Reviews

Description

Location

Mount Arafat is a hill located approximately 20 kilometers to the southeast of Mecca in Saudi Arabia. It is also known as Jabal Arafat or Jabalar-Rahmah in the Arabic language which means the ‘mountain of mercy’.

History and Customs

Historically, Mount Arafat is important to Muslims because this hill is where the Prophet (PBUH) stood when he gave Khutba e HajjadtulWIda, his Last Sermon and also the site where Adam and Hawa met up on Earth again after leaving heaven.

Mount Arafat is also important to Islam during the yearly Hajj, the holy ritual of pilgrimage. On the 9th day of the month of Dhu al-Hijjah, pilgrims leave Mina and travel to Mountain Arafat. Because of this, the day in question is branded as the Day of Arafat and the day is also the most important day of Hajj.

The ground surrounding the hill is called the Plain of Arafat. This is where the afternoon is spent on the day of Arafat. The ritual is an integral part of Hajj as Hajj is considered invalid without this part.

Structure

The mountain of Arafat is about 230 feet in height. The rock on the hill is granodiorite, which is an igneous rock similar to granite and composed mainly of feldspar, quartz, muscovite, and other minerals.

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Destination Type
Historical Site
Islamic History
Landmark

Location

Mount Arafat, Mecca Saudi Arabia

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Reviews
Mustafa Rangoonwala

Mustafa Rangoonwala

05/24/2024 15:28

Google review

Mount Arafat, also known as Jabal al-Rahmah (the Mount of Mercy), is one of the most significant sites in Islam. Located about 20 kilometers east of Makkah, Saudi Arabia, it plays a central role in the annual Hajj pilgrimage. The mountain and its surrounding plain are the focal points of the Day of Arafat, the most important day of Hajj, which falls on the 9th day of Dhu al-Hijjah. This site is not only rich in religious history but also a profound symbol of spiritual reflection and devotion. #### Historical and Religious Significance Mount Arafat holds immense religious importance for Muslims. It is here that Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) delivered his Farewell Sermon during his last Hajj in the year 632 CE. In this sermon, he outlined the principles of justice, equality, and morality, emphasizing the importance of unity among Muslims and the adherence to Islamic teachings. The Day of Arafat is considered the pinnacle of the Hajj pilgrimage. On this day, pilgrims gather on the plain of Arafat from dawn until sunset to stand in prayer and supplication, seeking Allah's forgiveness and mercy. This act, known as "Wuquf," is a fundamental component of Hajj, and without it, the pilgrimage is incomplete. The significance of Arafat in Islamic tradition cannot be overstated, as it is believed to be a day when Allah's mercy and forgiveness are abundantly bestowed upon the pilgrims. #### The Landscape and Setting Mount Arafat itself is a granite hill standing about 70 meters high. At the top of the hill is a white pillar, which marks the spot where the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) is believed to have given his Farewell Sermon. The surrounding plain of Arafat is vast and can accommodate the millions of pilgrims who gather there annually. The landscape is stark and arid, with little vegetation, reflecting the harsh desert environment of the Arabian Peninsula. However, during the Hajj season, the plain transforms into a bustling sea of pilgrims, all dressed in simple white garments, symbolizing purity and equality before Allah. #### Visiting Mount Arafat For pilgrims, visiting Mount Arafat is a deeply spiritual experience. The day is spent in earnest prayer, reading from the Quran, and making supplications. The atmosphere is one of solemnity and devotion, as pilgrims seek to draw closer to Allah and reflect on their lives. 1. **Preparation**: Pilgrims typically prepare for their time on Arafat by bringing essentials such as water, prayer mats, umbrellas for shade, and personal items for comfort. The Saudi authorities provide extensive facilities, including tents, medical services, and food distribution to ensure the safety and well-being of the pilgrims. 2. **Wuquf (Standing at Arafat)**: The act of standing at Arafat is a profound moment of the Hajj. From midday to sunset, pilgrims stand, sit, or kneel in prayer, asking for forgiveness and mercy. It is a time of deep introspection and spiritual renewal. 3. **Transportation and Accessibility**: Accessing Mount Arafat is well-organized, with transportation provided by the Hajj authorities. Buses and other vehicles transport pilgrims from Makkah to Arafat, ensuring a smooth and efficient journey. #### Modern Facilities and Management The Saudi government has invested significantly in infrastructure to accommodate the millions of pilgrims who visit Mount Arafat each year. The area is equipped with modern amenities to ensure the comfort and safety of the pilgrims. Extensive water and sanitation facilities, medical centers, and emergency services are readily available. During the Hajj, the plain is dotted with large tents that provide shade and rest areas for the pilgrims. The site is also meticulously cleaned and maintained, reflecting the high level of organization and care dedicated to managing the pilgrimage.
SAMI FLAMURI

SAMI FLAMURI

05/02/2024 17:03

Google review

great services for such a large crowd! Lots of ice cream, trucks that make the visit bit odd as it is a very spiritual site!
DRIP DON

DRIP DON

02/26/2024 09:40

Google review

I am glad i was able to visit this place.
iDIL

iDIL

01/04/2024 01:30

Google review

1.) climb could be easier if no one sat along rhe climbing path 2.) had no idea why some scribbled names on the rocks/boulders 3.) had no idea why some prayed/kissed the monument 4.) ice cream trucks along the way to the bus park. Reasonably priced and some Vendors even gave free bottled mineral water when purchased their ice cream 5.) beware of touts - just firmly say NO or لا! (La' in arabic means No). Some of them placed turbans/headgear on the head/snap a photo then asked for payment. Just knock-off those headgear and walk away.
Afif Mahmud

Afif Mahmud

12/30/2023 13:41

Google review

Here the haji has to stay for one day and our prophet Muhammad sallallahu alaihi wasallam gave his last sermon here.
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